Cold Induced Anaphylaxis
Cold Induced Anaphylaxis can be either an immediate or delayed, life-threatening reaction, involving two or more body systems, which can be triggered by any exposure to cold, not just aquatic (swimming). One in three patients with Cold Urticaria will have an anaphylactic reaction. In some cases of cold allergy, the reactions do not follow the typical response of Anaphylaxis to insect, food and other contact allergens. In these cases, the Central Nervous System and Cardiovascular System may be the first and only recognizable systems to fail. It is quite important for school personnel, administrators, teachers and nurses to understand these differences.
The term is often used only for a severe allergic reaction affecting the whole body. A second term, the non-allergic form (Anaphylactoid), may be used to describe identical reactions that are not caused by allergy, involve other mechanisms in the body and are just as life threatening.
The clinical diagnosis and management are identical, whatever the cause.
Emergency Medical Services Agency Lessons Learned
Effects on the Body
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